Pre & Post Surgery Instructions
Pre Surgery Instructions
Preparing for the surgery
- A battery of vital tests is required before the surgery to ensure you are fit to undergo the surgical procedure
- It is important to avoid certain medicines (aspirin and all aspirin containing medicines) for a minimum of 5 days prior to the surgery
- Strict restriction of alcohol and tobacco is advised as it can increase the possibility of anesthetic complications and gastric irritation.
On the day of surgery
- One day prior to surgery, the patient is usually kept NPO(nothing to be taken orally except medicines prescribed) after midnight
- Special instructions for bowel preparation need to be followed to ensure an empty stomach at the start of the procedure to avoid the risk of aspiration.
- After the surgery, the patient is kept in the recovery room till the anesthetist decides that the patient is fit to be shifted to the room in the ward. This period may vary from few minutes to few hours. Post-surgery nausea is normal and generally gets over after few hours.
- Patient is generally allowed to have sips of water immediately after the operation and liquids on day of operation. Patient is allowed to have normal home cooked meals of choice from the next morning at breakfast. Small frequent meals for some days is advised to avoid the feeling of bloating.
- Patient is advised to sit up after the surgery and can go to the toilet on his own. There are no restrictions on normal physical activity. Patient will be discharged on the same day or next day of operation unless there is some associated medical/social problems.
- The first follow up is usually scheduled after 2-5 days when the dressings are removed. Patient should avoid wetting the dressings unless they are waterproof. After the removal of dressing, patient can have normal bath with soap and water.
- In very few cases there may be some bloody/whitish discharge from the wound in the post-operative period. This should not bother patient because it is generally harmless. Patient can wipe the discharge and apply band-aid so as to avoid staining the clothes. The patient shall be given a 24*7 Doctor’s helpline number to enquire about any of their surgery related concerns.