What is Thyroid surgery?
Thyroid surgery is performed to treat thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules and other thyroid problems. The surgery removes a part or the entire thyroid gland. The surgeon makes an incision in the skin and the muscles and other tissues are pulled aside to expose the thyroid gland which is then removed.
What are Parathyroids?
Parathyroids are small endocrine glands situated in the neck (posterior to the thyroid gland) that produce parathyroid hormones which control the amount of phosphorus and calcium in the blood and within the bones.
Improper functioning of the parathyroid glands lead to hyperparathyroidism, which leads to increased calcium levels in the blood.
What are the symptoms?
Symptoms may include kidney stones, frequent headaches, fatigue, and depression. Sometimes the symptoms are not so obvious, like high blood pressure and the inability to concentrate. Complications of hyperparathyroidism may include heart failure, breast or prostate cancer, kidney failure, stroke or heart attack.
What is Parathyroid surgery?
Parathyroid surgery is indicated in patients suffering with hyperparathyroidism. The traditional (open) surgery requires large incisions in the neck area making the post-operative recovery period extremely painful and prolonged. Thus, endoscopic technique for parathyroid removal is preferred wherein the surgeon makes a tiny incision to remove the affected gland under sedation. The endoscopic approach has excellent cosmetic results as there are no scars. Also, the recovery is much faster with minimal post-operative pain.