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Institute of Laparoscopic Surgery

Leparoscopic Surgery Training

What are anorectal conditions?

'Anorectal conditions' is a term used for the problems arising in the anus and rectums collectively. These conditions are mainly caused due to some sort of overgrowth or abnormal growth of tissues in the anus and rectum region. Anorectal conditions are frequent and bothersome and have a high prevalence in the general population.


Some of the most common Anorectal problems are:
  • Anal Fistula
  • Piles
  • Fissures
  • Prolapse

Common presenting symptoms are anal pain, bleeding pus discharge from and around the anus, mass protruding from anal verge, anal itching, mucus discharge, fecal obstruction or constipation.



An early diagnosis of anorectal conditions spares the patient immense bother. The history gives a clue to the underlying cause which is confirmed by physical examination in an outpatient setting. Internal examination is performed using an anoscope (hollow cylindrical device). Sometimes, the examination may have to be done under anesthesia.